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Breastfeeding and breast milk

Breastfeeding or feeding in a baby bottle is more than just a meal according to MomInformed.com – it is a great way to give your child warmth, closeness and security. Breast milk is finely composed and contains all the nutrients your baby needs to grow and develop while providing a natural protection against infections. There are lots of benefits of breastfeeding for baby!

Start with D drops

After about 1 week, breast milk should be supplemented with D-drops. Vitamin D drops help the body absorb the calcium needed to build teeth and bones. 

How much should children eat?

All children are different – not least when it comes to appetite. Therefore, there are really no rules for how often or how much a child should eat. If you are breastfeeding, giving breast milk or bottle replacement, it is important to let the child control how much it eats. Babies are fantastic at knowing what they need. Therefore, do not swab with the breast or bottle. As long as your child is happy and satisfied and gaining weight, you do not have to worry.

How often should children eat?

After a few months most children usually find their rhythm and become hungry at certain times. The most common is about 3-5 hours apart, but it can vary from day to day. Young children are good at knowing when they need food. So offer your child food if it seems hungry, even if it has not been so long since the last goal.

Breastfeeding problems and milk congestion

Many new mothers may experience problems with breastfeeding, worries that may come and go. Some get sore nipples while others suffer from leaking breasts or dairy. Although it feels painful when the problems are at its greatest, it can be nice to know that you are far from alone about this kind of trouble. Almost no breastfeeding is completely trouble free.

Milk bumping usually feels like a lump or hardening in the breast and it hurts to breastfeed. It is common for the problems with milk congestion to come suddenly and in one breast. Try to relieve pressure by breastfeeding or by emptying the chest by hand or by pump.

Often the problems go away by themselves. Remember to rest as well as to drink and eat properly. Wear soft and loose-fitting bra and clothing. One tip might be to keep your breasts warm, for example with a towel or to shower warmly before breastfeeding.

If the milk rush does not go over or if you have other symptoms such as fever, redness or the like – contact your healthcare provider for advice and help.

Keep in mind that milk congestion is unusual during the first week after the baby is born. That the breasts are swollen and tender is usually a sign that the milk is forming in the breasts.

Make feeding easy

Make the feeding a nice moment and try to have as much peace around you as possible. Proximity and skin-to-skin are good whether you are breastfeeding or bottle feeding. Find a way to feed that suits you and your child best. Some prefer to breastfeed lying down. If you have twins, there are different ways to breastfeed both children at the same time through, for example, breastfeeding pillows.

There are also a number of other aids for you breastfeeding that can facilitate the feeding process itself. Nipple cream, breastfeeding insert and a breastfeeding bra can all be good to have at home. Another way to make things easier is to use a breast pump. A breast pump for working moms is a must!

If you are bottle feeding, there are lots of different bottles to choose from. Sometimes you may need to try it out before you find the bottle your baby likes best. Make sure you find a bottle that prevents the baby from swallowing too much air. Read more about bottle feeding here.

Stop breastfeeding at night?

Most babies get hungry at night and need a night meal. Some children are so hungry that they need two night meals. At 3-4 months some children usually sleep all night, but far from everyone. Sleep may depend on how much the child eats before falling asleep. A full stomach usually means a long, undisturbed night’s sleep, but there is no guarantee of sleeping.

It happens that the child is not hungry when it wakes up at night. Sometimes it just wants closeness, security or a dry diaper. If the baby is a little older and you decided to breastfeed less at night, the family who does not breastfeed can try to provide closeness and security if the baby wakes up. Expect that it may take a few nights before the baby and you get into a new routine. Sometimes things do not go as planned, and then you can try again a few weeks later.

Eat the right food when breastfeeding

All new parents need energy to take care of their child and themselves. You who breastfeed also need to produce food for your child. So what do you need to get in there? What should you avoid eating while breastfeeding? And how does it work with alcohol and breastfeeding?

Nutrition and fluid

To be able to form breast milk, you need to bring in extra fluid. Feel free to choose liquid in the form of a nutritious beverage that you like, but avoid soda, juice and energy drinks. During each day you need about 1 liter of extra fluid.

You also need a little extra nutrition, but no larger quantities than the equivalent of an extra glass of milk or an extra sandwich with toppings.

When breastfeeding you can eat most things but there are some foods you should be careful with. For example, some fish.