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How to create your own weather station 

Many Brits simply rely on the evening news or in more recent years, their smart phones to stay informed about the weather. However, if you’ve got an interest in meteorology or you have an inquisitive child who wants to get stuck into a home science experiment, you can create your own weather station. 

Constructing a DIY weather station may sound technical, but for a basic system, you need very little materials and no specialist equipment to get the job done. No matter whether you want to measure rainfall in your area, track the air pressure or find out which direction the wind is blowing, it’s likely you’ll find everything you need in your cupboard at home.

Read on to find out how to create your own weather station. 

What is a weather station and what does it measure?

A weather station consists of a facility with various instruments for measuring the condition of the atmosphere. It can be found on land or in the sea and allows us to monitor the weather and determine a number of factors related to the weather. 

This includes the temperature of the air and the pressure in the atmosphere, along with the prediction of rainfall and the direction and speed of the wind. 

DIY weather stations

Building a weather station can be expensive and time-consuming, so if you’re thinking about giving it a go, you may want to try making a DIY weather station before you invest in any specialist equipment. This is also a great way to introduce children to the wonders of science at home. 

With a few simple and affordable materials you have around the house, you can build a rain gauge to measure rainfall in your area, a wind vane to measure the direction in which the wind blows and a barometer to monitor the air pressure. 

The equipment needed for a DIY weather station

You’ll be surprised what you can achieve with a few everyday items. For example, to build a rain gauge at home you’ll need a compass, a two-litre soft drink bottle, a craft knife, and some marker pens. 

Start by cutting the top off the bottle, then turn the top upside down and place it inside the bottom half of the bottle. Next, take a marker pen and draw a scale on the side of the bottle, so you can measure how much rainfall has been collected. Now, place it in an unsheltered spot and wait for the rain to come. 

If you’re feeling ready to advance your equipment and splash a little cash on your new hobby, start by investing in an anemometer. This will enable you to track the wind speed and direction more precisely than anything you could create yourself and is a great stepping stone to building a collection of specialist equipment.