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Fire Safety around the Home

Fire safety around the home is highly critical and should not be taken for granted. About 1,291,500 fires were recorded in the United States in 2019. 29.9% of these fire incidents occurred inresidential properties, according to the United States Fire Administration. We shall provide some helpful tips on ensuring fire safety around your home. You will learn how a fire risk assessment can help identify potential fire hazards and reduce the risk level.

What is Fire Safety?

Fire safety refers to those activities or practices carried out to reduce the effects of fire incidences. Fire safety management help prevent uncontrolled fire ignition around your home. Fire safety is critical and should be an important practice around the home. Without proper implementation of fire safety measures in your home, the consequences or level of destruction in the event of a fire outbreak may be more severe.

What are the Principles of Fire Safety around the Home?

The principles of fire safety around the home may be divided into three critical components, which include the following:

  • Notification

As an essential fire safety practice, you should have fire notification devices that will alert you and other family members about the possibility of a fire outage. As a minimum, your home should have smoke detectors and fire alarms installed at strategic locations. 

Smoke detectors trigger an alarm when smoke concentrations rise above a preset threshold. They are positioned in the kitchen, bedrooms, and other strategic locations. Fire alarms can be manually or automatically activated during a fire incident and are ideal for your home.

  • Life safety

One of the primary fire safety principles is life safety. As a rule, it is vital to ensure the safety of life first in any fire incident. Your home should have emergency exits and escape routes that allow easy evacuation.

  • Extinguish

Extinguishing the fire is a critical aspect of fire safety. However, it is advisable to call the fire service to help get the fire under control. Extinguishing a fire may be necessary to get access to trapped loved ones. There are different classes of fire, and each fire class may determine the type of fire extinguisher to use in putting out the fire. Here is a short description of fire classes.

  • Class A – caused by flammable solids
  • Class B – caused by flammable gases and liquids
  • Class C – Electrical fires
  • Class D – Metallic fires
  • Class K – Cooking or Grease fires.

What you should know about Fire Risk Assessment

A Fire Risk Assessment is a highly critical fire safety principle that can help reduce fire hazards and mitigate the effect of fire. Fire risk assessment is carried out in buildings to assess fire risk and provide expert recommendations on ways a building can be safe from fire incidents. Fire risk assessments should be regularly reviewed to ensure their viability. Several factors affect the frequency of a fire risk assessment review, including changes to the layout of your building and the type of occupants living in your apartment building. 

What are the Benefits of conducting a Fire Risk Assessment?

The benefits of a fire risk assessment in your home building include:

  • Identification of Fire Hazards

A fire risk assessment will help identify and remove any potential fire hazard around your home.

  • Decide those who could be most affected and how

A fire risk assessment identifies individuals who may be most vulnerable during a fire outbreak and help find ways to ensure they are safe.

  • Risk Evaluation

Fire risk assessment helps to evaluate risks and offer recommendations to mitigate risks.

  • Record and implement Findings

Aside from risk evaluation and recording, findings are also implemented.

What is considered during a Fire Risk Assessment?

A fire risk assessment for your residential property should be well detailed and must consider the following aspects during the review process:

  • Your building’s layout and construction
  • History of fire incidents in your building
  • Types of electrical equipment that have a high potential of being an ignition source
  • Vulnerability of occupants, number, and nature of occupants.
  • Presence of heating devices that may trigger fire
  • Measures to limit the spread of fire
  • Potential hazards introduced during the building constrictions
  • Presence of smoking areas
  • Emergency lighting around the building 
  • Does the building have fire safety signs placed in strategic locations?
  • Are there adequate means to raise a fire alarm when a fire incident occurs
  • Availability of functional fire extinguishers in your residential building
  • Are evacuation drills conducted regularly?
  • Does the building have proper fire safety documentation and records?

What is the consequence of not having a fire risk assessment on your residential property?

The significance of having a fire risk assessment cannot be overemphasized. Failure to have a proper fire risk assessment in your home or residential building may increase the extent of damage during a fire outbreak. It is also punishable by law not for your building not to have a fire risk assessment. The penalty may be a severe fine, or you may face a prison sentence in extreme negligence cases.

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