Drugs are substances that can act as a double-edged sword based on the situation. While the prescribed ones prove to be beneficial for your health, drug abuse takes a drastic turn in no time. Any drug that you consume in excess or without any prescription comes under drug abuse. It leads to severe health consequences and makes one prone to opportunistic diseases. Along with this, drug abuse disrupts your mental wellbeing, interfering with your cognitive and basic thinking capabilities. If you consume the excess drug for a short period, you might experience weakness, loss of appetite, and deranged heart rate as well as blood pressure. As far as the long term effects are concerned, the patient might have HIV, Mental illness, Cancer, and other health disorders.
Keep reading to know how drug abuse can affect your overall health and well-being.
Effects On The Heart & Related Systems
Excessive drug consumption has some serious effects on your cardiovascular system. It causes a deranged heart rate and blood pressure. You might experience anxiety due to heart anomalies. Apart from this, you can also experience bacterial and other infections. Being a drug addict makes you prone to infections, be it bacterial or viral ones. Long term drug abuse affects the venous and arterial system. Collapsed veins and arteries are yet another consequence of substance use. Some drugs that directly affect the functioning of the heart are cocaine, heroin, Lysergic acid diethylamide, and ketamine.
Along with the vitals, drug abuse disrupts the electrical activity of the heart. That way, the rhythmic contractions are greatly affected. American Heart Association states that drug abuse causes maximum heart failures and affects the cardiovascular system predominantly. Overall, it causes an increase in blood pressure, thickening of the ventricular wall and stiffening of the aorta.
Respiratory Derangements & Drug Abuse
Drug addicts suffer from a compromised immune system. It makes them vulnerable to every other disease and deformity. When it comes to the respiratory system, drugs affect the organs significantly. From severe bronchitis to chronic emphysema, certain substances completely deteriorate your lung functions. Short term effects of drug abuse are breathlessness, decrease in the oxygen exchange, and severe anxiety. Cigarette smoking leads to emphysema, bronchitis as well as asthma. You would be surprised to know that marijuana also leads to deranged lung functioning. It decreases the gaseous exchange at the cellular level, causing breathlessness and anxiety.
Seeking adequate support becomes crucial with such symptoms. You must lookout for a rehab center equipped with suitable amenities. One can Contact clean here to fetch some top-notch rehab facilities at affordable finances. From obstructive conditions to the ones that cause vascular derangements, drug addict suffers from every other respiratory trouble. Along with the effects of drug abuse, some environmental factors also play a role in exaggerating the condition. Some possible results are pneumonia, asbestosis, and tuberculosis. Consult an expert as soon as you experience any such respiratory issues following drug overuse.
Excessive Drug Consumption & GI Tract
As far as the stomach and gastrointestinal tract are concerned, drug abuse doesn’t spare the gastric functions as well. After regular consumption of drugs, you are likely to experience nausea, vomiting and morning sickness. The effects on the GI tract vary according to the drugs consumed.
- Cocaine: Overuse of cocaine leads to regular nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and damage to the gastric tissue. When left untreated, the cocaine misuse can lead to gastric tumors, chronic constipation and serious GI tract diseases.
- Opioid: Due to excessive opioid consumption, the gastrointestinal system suffers at the most. With severe abdominal pain, acid reflux and constipation, you will experience a hard time dealing with the after-effects.
- Alcohol: Excessive consumption of alcohol can greatly affect the normal stomach functions. It leads to nausea, vomiting, feeling of fullness, flatulence and liver deformities. Severe alcohol overdose causes liver cirrhosis and disturbed fat metabolism.
- Tobacco: Chronic smokers suffer from diseases like peptic ulcers, gastric-esophageal reflux disease, and colon polyps. Also, it affects the hepatic functions and interferes with fat digestion.
Drug Misuse & Effects On The Brain
If there’s one organ affected the most by drug overuse, then that is the brain. These chemicals greatly influence the functioning of the brain. Drug abuse leads to excessive production of dopamine which causes addiction. Further, this also leads to the “high” feeling. Long term drug abuse causes paranoia, hallucinations, aggressive behavior and a decrease in the ability to control your emotions. Along with this, the person is unable to judge and make a conclusion. When performed in excess, the drugs interfere with the electrical conductivity of the brain and lead to seizures.
Certain drugs can affect the release of neurotransmitters and the activation of neurons. Further, this results in deranged cognitive capabilities and brain functions. Severe drug abuse can also cause memory loss and a reduction in intellectual abilities.
Reduction In Kidney Functions With Drugs
The renal system controls the excretory functions of your body. It manages the overall absorption of fluids and carries out the excretion as well as micturition. When it comes to drug abuse, your excretory functions are affected at peak.
- Tobacco: This leads to an increase in albumin levels and leads to renal stenosis. This gradually weakens the renal system and impairs the excretory functions. Also, it deteriorates the balance between electrolytes and body fluids. Overall, the result is kidney inflammation and renal hypertension.
- Alcohol: Impaired renal function and inflammation of the kidney is the result of excessive alcohol. Further, there is a decrease in nutrients like calcium, magnesium, and potassium.
With drug abuse comes disturbance in the electrolytes and chronic kidney failure.
If you’re addicted to drugs, you know the trouble of performing daily activities. Drug abuse can deteriorate every system of the body and fetch opportunistic infections. With a compromised immune system, you are likely to suffer from every other disease. To prevent the after-effects of drug abuse, you must seek rehab support. Find out the best rehabilitation center near you and tackle the health issues in no time. Not only will this prevent the present health issues, but also tackle the upcoming addictions and cravings.