CBD oil refers to the oil that’s obtained from cannabidiol (CBD),which is one of the most popular and widely-studied compounds of the cannabis plant. Cannabis contains more than 100 officially identified compounds, also known as cannabinoids. However, cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the two most active compounds of the plant.
Cannabidiol is popular for its therapeutic properties, while THC is mostly known for its psychoactive effects. The fundamental difference between CBD and THC is that the latter is both psychoactive and intoxicating, while CBD is not. Another difference between the two cannabinoids is how they are extracted. Cannabidiol is mostly obtained from hemp whereas THC is extracted from marijuana.
Both hemp and marijuana are variants of the cannabis plant. However, hemp contains less than 0.3 percent of the psychoactive THC, while marijuana boasts higher concentrations of the compound.
Now, cannabidiol is mostly consumed in the form of CBD oil. Right off the bat, it’s important to stress that CBD oil doesn’t necessarily have to exist in liquid form. As you’ll find, there are numerous other products formulated with CBD oil, which are not sold as liquids.
Read on for more insight on the various methods to consume CBD oil.
How Does CBD Oil Interact With Your Body
Before we delve deeper into the different methods on how to consume CBD oil it’s important to understand how the oil interacts with your system and the various medical conditions that it can treat.
Now, CBD oil mostly contains cannabidiol as the main compound. The oil can contain cannabidiol only (in which case it’s known as CBD oil isolate) or other cannabinoids (known as full-spectrum CBD oil). It can also be formulated to eliminate the mind-altering THC, which is referred to as a broad-spectrum CBD oil.
CBD oil impacts the functions of your body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS). The endocannabinoid system regulates homeostatic functions and is made up of endogenous cannabinoids, cannabinoid receptors, and a series of hormones. The two main cannabinoid receptors in the ECS include CB1 and CB2 receptors. While CB1 receptors are located around the brain and central nervous system, CB2 receptors are spread throughout the lower parts of the body.
Some of the roles of the ECS include pain and stress relief, alleviation of inflammation, elevating mood, etc. Essentially, these functions are performed by the endogenous cannabinoids that are present in the ECS. However, these cannabinoids may not be effective at regulating the body’s homeostatic balance. This depends on the severity of a condition and the general immunity of the user.
This is where CBD oil comes in.
When you consume CBD oil, the cannabinoids in the substance enter your ECS, boosting the effects of the body’s endogenous cannabinoids. As this happens, cannabidiol mostly binds to CB2 receptors.
The fact that cannabidiol binds to CB2 receptors that are located away from the brain, as opposed to CB1 receptors, explains why the substance doesn’t cause any mind-altering effects. However, if you’re using full-spectrum CBD oil, you can expect some psychoactive effects. That’s because the THC in the oil will bind to CB1 receptors, which are mostly expressed around the brain and central nervous system.
The net effects of CBD oil in your ECS include faster relief from pain, anxiety, inflammation, etc.
The following are some of those conditions.
- Chronic pain disorders, such as Multiple Sclerosis, arthritis, and migraines headaches
- Chronic anxiety disorders, including General Anxiety Disorder (GAD), phobias, panic disorders, post-traumatic stress disorders, and social anxiety disorders;
- Inflammatory conditions, such as inflammatory bowel syndrome;
- Mood disorders
- Sleep disorders like insomnia
- Neurological disorders, especially those that are symptomized by seizures
- Weight-related diseases such as obesity and diabetes
- Digestive complications, especially relieving nausea symptoms among cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment
- Relieving mental conditions like Alzheimer’s and ADHD.
Additionally, CBD oil can help alleviate symptoms of various reproductive conditions, such as endometriosis. Women battling menopause have also found the oil to be quite useful. Some of the side effects of menopause that CBD oil can treat include pain, anxiety, mood swings, and hot flashes.
Moreover, CBD is also found to be useful in treating many conditions in animals. So, for pet parents who are looking to treat their furry babies with natural alternatives can turn to CBD.
Methods of Consuming CBD Oil
1. Sublingual Administration
The first (and arguably the most effective) way of consuming CBD oil is by dripping oil tinctures under your tongue. The CBD oil tinctures come in a variety of strengths, which ultimately determines the volume of the oil you consume.
The tinctures come with droppers that are attached to the bottle, recommending the right amount of CBD oil to consume, depending on various factors.
Some of those factors include:
- Body weight
- Body chemistry
- Strength of CBD in the tincture
- General medical condition
- Condition condition you’re treating
- Whether you’re presently on other medication(s)
- Whether you’re a new or seasoned user
As a method of consuming CBD oil, tinctures are mostly recommended for seasoned cannabis users. This is because the method delivers CBD straight into your system and new users may experience challenges determining the right dosages. Also, the oil, especially hemp-derived CBD oil, comes with a bitter aftertaste, which new users may not like. Your only alternative would be to buy CBD oil that’s sweetened with natural ingredients and may be difficult to find.
Edibles are a convenient way to integrate CBD into your health and wellness routine. That makes it one of the best methods to treat your pets to some CBD.
There are numerous ways to go about it.
First, you can use CBD oil in home-based recipes. You can mix the oil with your regular cooking oil or even add a few drops of it into your salads. Secondly, you can add CBD oil to drinks, including teas, cocktails, and even wines.
You can also try CBDfx gummies, which are a popular method due to their sweetness. CBD gummies also come ready to chew and consume. They are even sold in fixed CBD doses, which makes it easy to determine the number of gummies to chew over a given period of time.
3. Vaping CBD Oil
Another popular method of consuming CBD oil is by vaping a CBD-based e-juice. Like sublingual administration, vaping CBD oil also delivers cannabinoids straight to your system. So, the rule of moderation applies here as well.
Unless you’re a seasoned vaper, you should experiment with vape oils that come with lower CBD strengths. It’s also important to first establish the compounds present in the oil before vaping it, especially when it comes to THC levels.
Remember, THC binds to CB1 receptors, and vaping delivers the compound to your central nervous system faster than any other method of administration. So, vaping a full-spectrum CBD oil will expose you more to the psychoactive effects than consuming the oil any other way.
4. Creams and Topicals
CBD oil is also available in creams, salves, and balms, where the oil is mostly prescribed for topical application. Its anti-inflammatory properties help relieve various skin conditions including atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, acne, and more. Since the oil is hydrophobic, it prevents your skin from losing too much water, thus keeping you hydrated.
5. Capsules and Tablets
Lastly, CBD oil is available in a soft gel or pill. One of the top benefits of CBD capsules is they are easy to administer as you simply swallow a pill. Also, capsules and tablets come with pre-measured CBD doses, unlike tinctures, where you have to measure your own doses. Additionally, pills offer the same convenience as CBD gummies as you can easily carry them practically anywhere and swallow when required.
There are various ways to consume CBD oil. Whichever method you choose, ensure you properly determine the correct amount that’s right for you and your body. While CBD has no ideal dose, it can present some serious side effects especially if it’s a full-spectrum CBD oil.