Mood disorders are becoming increasingly more common throughout the world. In their extremes, they have led to massive increases in suicide. Now one of the biggest killers, period. With a better understanding of how to support those who struggle with a wide range of emotion extremes brought on by mood disorders.
We are going to talk about how you can identify if someone is struggling with mood disorders and what you can do to help. You can help decrease the chance of that person turning to suicide. Before we begin, if you are worried someone is close to committing suicide you should seek professional help. Experts at places like Honey Lake Clinic understand how to help people in this state.
Identifying Mania episodes
Mania episodes are often characterised by a big positive jump in mood. Disorders like Bi-polar and schizoaffective disorder experience these kinds of conditions. Those in a mania episode seem confident and self-assured. Like they can take on the whole world. While that sounds great in theory, and famous people who have Bi-polar disorder have utilized their manic episodes to create amazing things.
They become hyperactive, report feeling euphoric. They even seem to have a reduced need for sleep. Many famous examples like Beethoven would often ride these episodes to create some of his most famous pieces. There is a range of negative that we should all be aware of.
Mania can lead to irritability. Sometimes it can even lead to violence so understanding when someone is in a Mania state is important for your own safety. Delusions are also present in those that are in a full-blown mania episode. They can believe they have been sent for some higher purpose of a grand nature.
These thoughts can lead to excessive involvement in risky activities that can end up leading to a lot of pain. This is how some in a mania state can end up killing themselves. They truly believe they are indestructible. If they do not end up doing something insanely risky and come down off the high of mania. Intense depression follows. Note, we are only referring to the extremes here, there is hypomania that characterises a less extreme version of this which can still require treatment if it gets out of hand.
Identifying Depressive episodes
Depressive episodes can be easier to notice then maniabecause they are more obvious. They typically include prolonged periods of low mood, sadness, and a lack of motivation to do anything. Just getting out of bed is a struggle. These conditions often fall under the umbrella of conditions like Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) which means that people experience low mood when there are fewer daylight hours. This affects people more in winter because typically there are fewer daylight hours in that season.
Depression is the most known condition in this category. Those that were usually social, active and had plenty of passion and interest change. All of that seems to go and they are left wondering why. If their depression becomes too intense it can lead to suicide. Again, please contact experienced professionals that can deal with suicidal thoughts.
How You Can Help
With any of these mood disorders we have previously outlined, in their milder form, we can all chip in to support those who are experiencing strong variations in mood. For those that struggle with mania episodes that seem to be irritable, it is a good idea to reduce the amount of external stimulation they are exposed too.
Because too much stimulation can make their mania episodes worse. We would like to reiterate that every case is unique, which is why working with a health care professional is important. With depression on the other hand, all you can do is attempt to create or keep an open dialogue with this person.
Let them know they are cared for and that you are there for them. Take their struggles seriously. Never discount their struggles. Try not to judge them as lazy or unmotivated.Understand sometimes they need space and if they are notcurrently showing extreme depressive symptoms, space will help. Think of how you would take care of your own mental health and apply it to them. That could do wonders for your understanding of what your loved one is going through.
Ultimately, approaches those that are struggling with mood disorders with empathy and sensitivity will help. Improving their ability to find people they can relate too can bring them back to a centred place. They deserve just as much love as anyone else and should not be defined by their condition. If they are seriously struggling to function in life, working with mental health professionals should put them on the right track to recovery.